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About Cambodia

Country Facts

Recent History:
  • se_asia
  • Mid-1960s-mid-1990s:
  • 30 years of war and social turmoil when opposing political factions generated skirmishes across the country.  In 1975, the Khmer Rouge took power, instigating brutal experimental policies under which nearly 2 million people died.
  • In the 1980s, the Khmer Rouge and other factions waged war with Vietnam along the Thai-Cambodia border; a civil war between Khmer Rouge remnants and central authorities followed in the 1990s.
  • In 1993, Cambodia held its first general election. In 1998, a second general election was held, which produced a coalition government whose efforts at cooperation have helped establish relative peace and stability.
  • Cambodia is still considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world but new political stability has brought the hope for a better future.

Sources

¹National Census of Cambodia  2008

¹National Bank of Cambodia December 2005

²Plan International Study May 2003

³Cambodia Development Resource Institute

Sources: http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cambodia/cambodia_people.html
http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/cambodia
Full Country Name: Kingdom of Cambodia
Capital City: Phnom Penh
Prime Minister: Hun Sen
Head of State: King Norodom Sihamoni
Currency: KHR
Area: 181,035 sq km (11,224 sq mi)
Rligions_(1998 census): Buddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, Other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2%
Economic Index
GDP (2012): $14.06 billion
GDP Growth (2012): 7.2%
Inflation (2012): 2.9%
GDP per Capita or PPP (2012): US$ 2,494
GNI per Capita (2012): US$ 880
Population Index 
Population (2012): 14.86 million (Growth Rate: 1.687%) 
Poverty Ratio (% of population): 23.9%
Life Expectancy at Birth (2011): 63 years 
Water Source, % rural population with access (2010): 58%
School Enrollment, Primary School, % gross (2011): 126%
Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Languages: Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
Age structure (2012 est.)
0-14 years: 31.9% (male 2,398,710/female 2,373,652) 
15-24 years: 21.9% (male 1,625,366/female 1,652,657)
25-54 years: 37.5% (male 2,715,773/female 2,888,331)
55-64 years: 4.9% (male 280,642/female 448,212)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 214,208/female 355,114)
Maternal mortality rate (2010):  250 deaths/100,000 live births
Infant mortality rate: 54.08 deaths out of 1,000 live births
 Literacy (2008 census)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write 
total population: 77.6%
male: 85.1%
female: 70.9%
 Urbanization (2010)
urban population: 20% of total population
Total fertility rate (2012 est.)
2.78 children born/woman


 






 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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